HomeProduct Design

How-to Product Design in 10 Easy Steps

All in-depth product design posts are classified into the following 8 categories for you to browse:

From the initial iPod to the latest electric vehicle, the products we use daily result from meticulous product design efforts. But have you ever wondered what makes these products so successful? In this article, we explore the essential principles of product design processes and discuss the steps from understanding the user needs to accounting for scalability, quality, usability, usage data, and research to back up your design decisions to create the next successful product. 

The Most Important Principles for Product Design

What is Product Design?

Modern Product Design
Modern Product Design Range

Product design is a complex process that involves understanding user needs and wants and creating products that satisfy them. It is the art of developing products that are both effective and enjoyable to use. Whether a physical good or a digital product design, designers must consider various factors, such as the product’s functionality, aesthetics, usability, cost, industry standards, etc.

Ultimately, the goal of product design is to create something that not only meets the user’s explicit expectations but also exceeds them in terms of quality, performance, safety, and other considerations.

To achieve this goal, product designers must apply a systematic approach to the design process. First and foremost, they should both understand user needs, but also have a detailed understanding of constraints, such as cost or production timeframes.

In terms of product development strategies, designers should build several prototypes for testing purposes before releasing a finished version. This ensures that potential flaws or bugs can be removed before launching the product. Moreover, designers should develop the product in stages such as concept design and development, refinement and optimization, testing, manufacturing optimization, and launch. By working through these steps in an organized fashion, product designers can ensure their designs are thorough and complete.

Design With Regulatory
Design With Regulatory

The product must also meet any regulatory or industry standards associated with its use.

For example, if the product is intended for medical use, it must comply with all relevant medical regulations; if it’s a toy or piece of clothing for children, it must meet very strict safety design requirements; if it’s a computer program or application, it must adhere to copyright laws; etc.

Additionally, designers should pay attention to how users interact with the product throughout its life cycle – to develop products that retain their appeal over time to perform and meet regulations until its recycling stage, avoiding poor product design ecological choices.

User Needs

Understanding user needs is essential for successful product design. Product designers should strive to identify user needs, preferences, and motivations to create products that meet their requirements. This can be achieved by researching and understanding user personas – that is, the characteristics and attributes of a given target audience. Doing so provides valuable insight into what users need from the product regarding functionality, usability, aesthetics, and more.

No Product Design without in-depth User Survey
No Product Design without an in-depth User Survey

Surveying users and collecting feedback are great ways to gain insight into what users are looking for. Feedback can be gathered through surveys, user testing, interviews, or focus groups. This data can inform product design decisions and ensure that the product features are tailored to meet the needs of the target users.

Additionally, analyzing usage data can help identify areas where changes or improvements would have a positive effect on user experience. For example, tracking user clicks can highlight areas of a digital product where navigation could be improved or features could be added.

Initial Data Collection and Research

In addition to user feedback, designers must be aware of the impact that external factors may have on their products. Analytics tools such as heat maps and A/B testing can provide valuable data on how users interact with the product, which can inform decisions when making changes or improvements.

User Experience

User experience (UX) is a vital pillar of successful product design. It allows users to understand and interact with the product instinctively, minimizing the effort and frustration it takes for them to achieve their goals. This means that when designing a product, it’s essential for product designers to consider how users will interact with the product from start to finish. By creating a smooth customer journey without obstacles or confusion, designers can ensure their product has a great UX.

Product Design For Customer Expectations and Needsv
Product Design For Customer Expectations and Needs

One way to ensure this is through usability testing, inviting real-world users to use the product and provide feedback. This can help point out areas where the user experience needs improvement, such as navigation issues, complex layouts, or non-intuitive functionality. Additionally, designers should look to experienced early adopters for guidance; their insights can help refine the user experience by identifying areas that need improvement before the product is released.
Read more: Ergonomics

Quality and Usability

Quality and usability are integral components of any successful product design. This means being intentional about design decisions like layout, color palette, font choices, button sizes, interactions, animations, and more.

It also means understanding the functionality needed by users to complete tasks quickly and efficiently while also adhering to best practices in user interface design. Consequently, designers must have a strong knowledge of both the latest trends in UX/UI design and the fundamentals of product ergonomics to create products with high quality and usability that not only meet the current needs of users but also anticipate their future needs as well.

Design with large User Panel
Design with large User Panel

When designing for success, quality needs to be considered utmost. As product designs become adapted for new platforms or markets, it is crucial to maintain the same level of quality for each version without sacrificing its core features. Moreover, for digital products, designers should prioritize optimizing images and other design elements to appear crisp on different screens and render properly across different operating systems.

Testing and feedback from users are essential to ensure the product meets quality standards and is usable from the perspective of its intended audiences. This involves conducting extensive in-house factory tests, so as external user surveys or interviews during the prototype phase, to gain insights into how users interact with the product and what issues they may encounter in its usage.

Manufacturing Process & Scalability

Manufacturing and scalability are key factors to consider when designing any product. It determines how well the product can handle increased demand and how much it can expand without sacrificing quality or performance. To ensure scalability, flexibility and extensibility must be built into the product design.

Design for Manufacturing Line and Process Agility
Design for Manufacturing Line and Process Agility

In addition to considering scalability on a product level, designers also need to assess the scalability of the underlying architecture. For instance, if a new feature is added to a product, designers must ensure that the codebase and technology stack can handle it without becoming overwhelmed. Automation is another important component of scalability, as it allows for quick scaling up or down based on varying demand levels while maintaining quality and performance standards.
Read more: Factory Tours

How To Make Products That Stick Around

“Successful products don’t just happen,” once said Steve Jobs, the former co-founder of Apple.

If you’re running a business, creating a product that people want and that lasts in the marketplace is essential for your long-term success.

Understanding Customer Needs

Baby Toys
Baby Toys

As detailed above, when designing a product, it is essential to understand customers’ needs and create a product that meets them. Thorough research into customer needs must be conducted to ensure that these needs are understood and met.

Market research, surveys, questionnaires, and interviews are all effective tools for gathering customer input and understanding their wants and desires. Additionally, customer feedback should be considered throughout the design process to ensure that the finished product meets their expectations. To understand customers, it is important not just to listen to their feedback but also to observe how they interact with products.

Creating a Unique Product

Design The Unique Product
Design The Unique Product

When designing a product, it is essential to stand out from competitors and create something that grabs customers’ attention. A good product design should be identifiable and distinguishable from competitors; different colors, shapes, sizes, and styles can all be used to draw in customers’ eyes with something new and creative. Additionally, paying attention to customer trends and preferences can help ensure a product stands out among the competition. It is essential to understand what types of products are in demand so that you can create something unique that customers will appreciate and buy.

Tip: use catalog product design to identify trends … and sometimes avoid them and stand out

To create an effective unique product design, one must incorporate creative elements into the process to make it stand out from the other products on the market. This may mean utilizing technology or new materials not commonly seen in other products or even focusing on integrating aesthetics into the design process for added visual appeal.

Examples: some high-end sound equipment company have built their product image on aluminum and glass design, others on transparent products, while others incorporated precious wood parts.

Developing a Specific Sales and Marketing Strategy

An effective sales and marketing strategy is essential for long-term success. This can help inform decisions on pricing, product features, and other aspects of the business. Utilizing digital platforms is an effective way to reach customers and increase the visibility of the product.

Design a Recognizable and Unique Brand
Design a Recognizable and Unique Brand

Additionally, developing a unique brand identity can help create customer loyalty and recognition of the product. This includes having a memorable logo, slogan, and other branding elements that will stand out from competitors. Investing in creative design and advertisements can also be beneficial to capture the attention of potential customers and making them more likely to purchase the product.

Monitoring Trends and Updating the Product Portfolio

Business Design Agility
Business Design Agility

Businesses need to remain aware of current customer needs and trends to ensure that their products remain successful in the long run. Staying abreast of customer needs is an essential part of product design, as customers want their products to be useful, up-to-date, and easy to use.

Examples: companies can adopt new technologies and features, such as artificial intelligence, predictive analytics, voice controls, new material, and surface treatments to make their product stand out from the competition.

Ultimately, companies should structure themself around an agile development process to quickly evolve.

The 11 Product Design Professions

Nowadays, product design activities and degrees in product design are usually split among several types of product design engineers, all participating in the new product design project.

For a physical product, designing a new product usually involves the following types of product design engineers, with or without a specific degree in product design:

  • Mechanical Engineers
  • Electronic & Hardware Engineers
  • Software Engineers
  • Usability and UX Engineers
  • Industrial Designer
  • Graphic Designer
  • Project or Program Manager
  • System & Architecture Engineer
  • Manufacturing Engineers
  • Quality engineers
  • Marketing and Sales

Design Team
Design Team

The four specialties indicated in bold hereabove usually do not overlap and have a very dedicated role. In contrast, the other specialty roles within a project may depend on the project’s complexity and the individual skills and local organization.

Typically the Automotives, Home Appliances, and Mobile Phone industries involve all these specialties in all developments. The high level of integration, the various technologies used, and the high volume required all these specialists to develop and produce in an extremely short among of time.

The 8 Skill Sets for Product Design Engineers

The product design professions mentioned above play an integral role in the development of products. From consumer electronics to medical devices and industrial machinery, product design engineers must have a comprehensive knowledge of their craft to ensure products are designed for optimal performance. To be successful in the field, they must possess the variety of complementary skill sets below.


Creativity Definition: creativity is the ability to think outside the box and devise creative solutions to solve problems. Being able to identify potential problems before they arise, come up with creative solutions, and anticipate potential issues can help ensure projects remain on track and within budget.

Product designer and Marketers must be able to draw inspiration from other disciplines, such as art, science, technology, and engineering.

Additionally, being creative helps product design engineers come up with ideas that are practical and economically viable.


As for creativity, product design engineers must have strong problem-solving skills to be successful. Problem-solving is an important skill set for product design engineers because it enables them to identify and address potential issues quickly.

Design Problem Solving
Design Problem Solving

Product design engineers need to think strategically and creatively when approaching a problem. They should use their knowledge of the product’s components and design elements to develop creative solutions to solve the issue. In addition, they should collaborate with other members of the engineering team to ensure that all perspectives are taken into account when coming up with a solution.

For example, a product design engineer may need to consider the technical specifications of a component as well as its cost implications before deciding on how to solve a problem.

Technical Expertise

What you expect from an engineer …

Technical expertise is an essential skill set for product design engineers. It involves understanding the principles of engineering, materials science, and other related fields so that they can create high-quality designs that meet technical requirements. Product design engineers must know a wide range of disciplines to be successful in their jobs. While there is no swiss-knife of engineers, this may include the fundamentals of mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, physics, mathematics, and computer science.

Read more: Design Tips

Communication & Collaboration

Communication is an essential part of product design complex projects, as it allows for the exchange of ideas, collaboration with colleagues, and gaining better clarity on customer needs. This involves having excellent verbal and written communication skills, as well as understanding when and how to use both effectively. Product design engineers should also possess good listening skills to receive and interpret data correctly.

No Communication To Miss Your Project Targets
No Communication To Miss Your Project Targets

When communication is underlook, this is where the project fails

Effective collaboration among product design engineers helps foster the exchange of ideas and resources, ultimately leading to more efficient and cost-effective solutions.

This includes active listening, asking clarifying questions, offering constructive feedback, and using appropriate verbal and nonverbal cues when communicating with colleagues. Additionally, they should strive to develop an understanding of different personalities and backgrounds to make their collaboration more effective.

Analytical Thinking

Analytical Thinking In Product Design
Analytical Thinking In Product Design

Analytical thinking involves breaking down complex problems into manageable components, understanding all elements of the problem, and finding solutions. With analytical thinking, product design engineers can apply their knowledge of physics, chemistry, mathematics, engineering principles, and more to solve complex problems, troubleshoot existing products, and brainstorm new design ideas.

Analytical thinking can be applied in many different stages of product design engineering:

  • During the concept phase, analytical thinking can help product design engineers identify potential problem areas and create strategies to overcome them.
  • During the development stage, analytical thinking must be used to test product designs for feasibility and optimize performance, quality, and cost-efficiency.
  • Finally, during the testing and validation stage, analytical thinking can help product design engineers evaluate the success of a product design and make adjustments or improvements as necessary.

Project Management

Project management, whether the company has a dedicated role (“PM” for Project Manager) or an entire team for this (“PMO” for Project Management Office), or the role is assumed by another engineer, is an essential skill set for product design engineers. It involves planning, scheduling, and controlling the development of a product from concept to completion.

Project Gant Chart
Project Gant Chart

There are several different tools available to help with project managing tasks, such as spreadsheets, online project management software, and various visual tracking systems to streamline processes and manage resources more effectively.

Effective project management can result in increased profits for companies due to finished projects being completed on time and on or even under budget (ever experienced?).


Attention to Detail

Attention to detail is an integral part of successful product design engineering. Identifying small details and nuances in the design process can help engineers create products with sophistication and finesse. Furthermore, having an eye for detail can reduce the potential for errors or flaws in a product before it goes into production.

It is commonly said that

an error discovered at the production stage costs 10x more than at the design stage, and 100x if discovered at the end-user stage

Attention to detail also gives designers an advantage when creating sophisticated products that stand out from the competition. By carefully considering every aspect of their designs, product design engineers can develop features such as improved ergonomics, new material combinations, or innovative technologies. This makes their products more desirable and valuable to consumers.

Additionally, engineers should consider using tools such as prototyping or 3D printing technologies when refining designs for quick iterations and improvements.

Up-to-Date with Industry Trends

Product design engineers must stay abreast of the ever-evolving industry trends to remain competitive, provide better solutions for their clients, and respect legal and market evolutions. There are various ways for product design engineers to stay up-to-date with industry trends:

  • Attending relevant seminars and conferences related to their field can be an effective way to learn about new developments or technologies in this field. Additionally, networking events are great platforms for them to connect with thought leaders or influential figures in the engineering world, who may share valuable insights and news related to product design engineering topics.
  • subscribe to newsletters or e-zines that provide information on current developments in the industry.
  • subscribe to legal, IP, and new standard online services
  • Following blogs written by influential figures in the engineering world who share valuable insights and news related to product design engineering topics can be helpful.
  • Browsing technical sites such as Reddit, Quora, StackExchange, Medium (…), or this innovation.world site can be beneficial as these provide access to many resources and discussions about industry trends which may help gain a better understanding of the best engineering practices and technologies.

A good grasp of the ever-changing landscape of product design engineering will allow engineers to remain ahead of the competition and gain professional recognition among their peers.


Stay humble and open to people, to their problems and needs, as to new solutions, even -or especially- if not yours.

Creativity, problem-solving, technical expertise, communication, collaboration, analytical thinking, project management, research, attention to detail, and staying up-to-date with industry trends are all necessary for product design engineers to remain competitive and successful within their field.

With the right combination of these skills and a diligent mindset towards learning and self-improvement, product design engineers can create innovative products and help drive the industry forward.

Read more on product design, attend courses in product design, follow the recommended links above or on Wikipedia or look for product design jobs and market opportunities.