HomeProduct DesignProduct Design ReviewsLow cost pulse oximeter %SpO2 design review

Low cost pulse oximeter %SpO2 design review

A typical medical device, portable, low cost, LED + indication usage working on batteries. All that shipped to Europe from the far east for less than 9€ total. Let’s review its design and also propose some innovations around it.

Disclaimer: innovation.world has no financial incentive whatsoever, nor any ownership in the product reviewed. Products are chosen based on the only factor of having interesting or original designs to share with other industries. These products are on the market for years; Innovation.world has not and does not disclose any special or confidential information, but only what is visible by dismounting, observation and knowledge from similar technologies. Note however that these designs may be patented by their respective owners.
We could not find copyright info for this product

 

 

Special note: this is a design review, not a Medical Device validation test. In particular, accuracy of measurements of oxygen level and heart rate were NOT tested here.

As seen below, the product purchased had no branding at all. Is that model OEM or not intended to be purchased as we did it?

Package content Box - front

Product Design

 

Packaging & accessories

Well, small & compact. Not much to say about its design, except targeted for being low cost.

But for that price, it still delivers a strap and a basic thin bag, possibly to be attached to the belt. The product itself is well protected

From the pictures, it’s targeting obviously sports applications although the text mentions hospitals & home-care applications.

We have some doubt that the product can efficiently be used on bicycles, especially as seen after the reading of value is the opposite way, values meant to be read by somebody in front of the patient.

Box - back Box - side

Instruction for Use (IFU)

Review here as part of the product and the assembly BOM

In English only, printed on double side A3 with nice easy-to-read big font size

This becomes uncommon: the (bad) tendency of most brands is to fit as much text and languages as possible in the smallest paper as possible, thus becoming unreadable, especially by older patients

As on the main box (and also later on the main product), not one reference of the manufacturer name, nor its location, not any notified body.

 Although it is mentioned “The User Manual is published by our company. All right reserved” … but which company?

Apart from that, a typical section of a medical device’s IFU:

  • overview
  • installation & usage
  • specifications including accuracy
  • troubleshooting
  • symbols
  • a huge list of warnings, including cleaning

To be noticed: a nice explanation of the principle of %SpO2 blood measurement

Main product design

oximeter starting Graphical User Interface

oximeter dissassembled
oximeter disassembled

 

well adjusted plastics
well adjusted plastics

All plastic parts do well fitted together, without clearance of any gaps box for fixed parts (top LCD frame) as for the removable battery cover. No screw is visible and the main clips are well hidden (see details pictures gallery below).

As in this product family, the design mainly consists of the two articulated parts pinching the finger. The electronic is on the top part with the emitting diode over the nail, while the batteries and the receiver sensor are on the bottom part, underneath the finger.

The main complexity of the mechanical design is to achieve good contact with both surfaces of the finger while being versatile enough to accommodate large variations in finger size.

This is achieved by the two soft rubbers and a versatile joint and its springs.

accommodating big finger possible clearance battery compartment

Product Markings
Product Markings

All electronics, including the custom LCD, is fitted on a double-side PCB, attached to the plastic body by clips like on mobile phones some years ago.

Even, taking calibration into consideration, the PCB has surprisingly a large amount of Testing Points.

Cables are as short as possible, and all-welded, thus limiting signal noise and loose connections.

The main markings are printed on the battery cover, with the main reference of serial number and manufacturing linking to the barcode on the side … which is not understandable as is. There would have been enough space on this cover to make a full detailed marking.

from a general design point of view: for durability and traceability reasons, simply avoid putting important or legal markings on easily removable parts such as a cover.

…. unless these markings are intentionally made to be exchangeable (which could be handy for variants, OEM, or stock reasons, but would not pass a decent risk analysis)

Detailed components gallery

Conclusion

Overall the main design of the product is constructed around the battery’s standard size and the finger size. In that aspect, it is similar to the headlamp design reviewed.

We have a mixed feeling about this product

Is it really a low-cost product?

From the price segment, for sure yes it’s a low-cost product, both for a sport & leisure market, and even more for a pro-medical device market.

It arrived in Europe for €6.5 + 2.5€ for shipping, 10 days after ordering, while typical brands would sell what looks like be a similar product for at least x20 more, shipping excluded and possibly in a longer lead–time

But apart from the important regulation drawbacks (see below), this product is well designed, well packaged, well assembled, and does work well -at least during the time tested-; it could well bear the comparison with well known-western-brands.

But on the other side

…mmmh … pro-western pro users will definitively have some concerns here.

 European Medical Device Directive (“MDD”) or Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals is a question, and at least not indicated nor in the package or on the product or on the IFU.

  • Company is mandatory
  • Product ref is mandatory
  • Notified Body is mandatory

and related medical approvals and quality systems supervising its development, production, logistics, traceability, and market surveillance.

At least we have not seen on this product a warning as seen on other eastern made products (spelling & colors are original):

This is supplementary medical equipment and is not intended for serious disease or those who stay alive solely on medical oxygen.

Note: although this product family is not delivering drug, it’s measurements may be used to take medical decisions. So that product family is definitively classified as medical devices.

Possible design improvements

From mechanical engineering, well done! Very small observations

From a manufacturing point of view:

  • it would have been easy to use the same elastomer on the top and bottom sides, although the volumes involved can likely afford an additional small mold
  • manual welding of the wire + the droplet of hot glue to fit the sensor + placing the 2 springs are likely the (very) small bottlenecks of the assembly process

From a Product Manager’s point of view

  • Product colors: although white is widely used, possible a cultural aspect, but rose, and light blue are usually more associated with cheap products or toys in western countries, rather than medical devices
  • Plastic surface texture: mat aspect with some grain makes usually medical products look more advanced, instead of shiny plastics, that will get worn anyway during usage
  • (both above making sense only if the product and its producer first meet western medical regulations)

Possible Innovations

Because this is innovation.world !

On the product itself, but around the product and other new usages also

On the product itself

  • not an innovation, but as seen above: plastic quality & colors, so as texture and grain to increase user quality perception
  • 30 hours of usage (from IFU = at best): for hospital applications, it would be an easy design upgrade to make it rechargeable with some connectors on the back. The nurse would put it overnight on charge and the battery would only have to last a day. Either by plugin the charger jack (simpler + more reliable connection; could be a standard USB) or by having a small docking station (more ergonomic). The additional components + a 6x6cm docking station + a small 5V power adapter … less than $4-5 full factory cost
  • data logging, mainly for sleep apnea monitoring, as existing in other brands: arguable depending on the market target, as it is clearly a change of product range & complexity. Micro & PCB needs to handle this additional interface. Physical Connection on the top of the design. Data would be retrieved by the doctor either
    • by physical connection. Note that it could be combined with the charging possibility mentioned above
    • wireless, likely by Bluetooth
  • close to the above: to suppress any local LCD display -simplify the product- but have the info sent by Bluetooth to surrounding phones; that would both make the product simpler & allow any app software evolution + smart functions + audible alarms which do not exist on this product. With the spread of the phone market, having the oximeter working as a standalone is less and less an argument
  • maybe some smart option to turn the LCD value readings so that patients can read easily also, especially if home-care or outdoor is the market targets
    • either mechanically: physically turn the LCD itself; more complex, could be fragile
    • preferred: simply by software! Due to the information display, it should be possible to drive the digits of the LCD to print the values the other way around. The LCD would likely have to be adapted slightly the have the “%” sign on both sides of the digits (the ones displayed depending on orientation) and have some indication of what is the top and what is the bottom added. The switch between one side and the other could be either by the provided bottom or automatically by a small orientation sensor like on modern mobile phones

Around the product & other new usages

  • Such low price permits to integrated it easily into sports equipment, mainly on handles used in indoor fitness
    • to monitor body status, alarm if too low (pulse rate) or too low (%SpO2)
    • in a regulation loop, to drive the speed/force of equipment (static runner or bicycle …)
  • to drive other mechanical equipment, the most logical being oxygen dispenser systems to have a full regulation loop; the more these products have already integrated electronics, the easier (note: some patents already exist on that)
    • Valve Integrated Pressure Regulators (VIPR)
    • wall flowmeters
    • Portable fixed oxygen concentrators
  • to alarm and monitor wirelessly: any Internet of Things (IoT) network, either in home care or in the hospital
  • the fact that the nurse has to carry the oximeter with her is currently not the most convenient, even with the provided strap. Therefore:
    • to integrate it into hospital beds; either fully fixed, or with a dedicated clip to be fixed around bed metal rods
    • to have s strap to be wearied as a watch
  • OR want to develop one of these ideas above?
  • OR want to develop your own?
 –> contact Innovation.world for any form of partnership or dedicated resources 

 

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